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2004年8月24日 马术篇、排球篇

央视国际 2004年08月24日 18:09

  本届奥运会,男子跳板将是众星云集,争夺激烈,跳水小将彭勃挑战萨乌丁

  
跳水男子三米板决赛 2:30 CCTV—5

  排球项目基础词汇

  25 Volleyball 排球

  ace spiker 主攻手

  attacker 扣球手

  back field player 后排队员

  back toss 背传

  block 拦网

  ceiling serve 发高吊球

  combination block 集体拦网

  crosscourt smash 斜线扣球

  dead area 死角

  dig 垫球

  diving save 鱼跃救球

  drop the ball 吊球

  fake attack 佯攻

  first passer 一传手

  floating service 发飘球

  forearm pass 前臂垫球

  get one’s service in 发球得分

  half-moon defence 马蹄形防守阵式

  hand-in 有发球权的一方

  hand out 无发球权的一方

  hook float 钩手飘球

  hook service 钩手飘球

  mesh 网眼

  net ball 擦网球

  overhand float 上手飘球

  poor first pass 一传不到位

  rally 回合,对攻

  score a placement 击人空当儿得分

  setter 二传手 ,二传球

  shut out 拦网成功

  spike 扣球

  time-out for substitution 换人暂停

  toss 托球

  touching the net 擦网

  trick jump 掩护跳起;晃跳

  underhand pass 下手传球,前臂垫球

  阅读和理解

  Volleyball

  Volleyball is a six-a-side court game which is similar to badminton and tennis. However, the game is played by hand. Serving and volleying are the basic elements of the game. The object is to return the ball across the net. The rally continues until one team fails to return the ball or lets it hit the ground on its side of the court. If the volley is won by the serving team, it wins one point.

  It is usually played on an indoor court eighteen metres long and nine metres wide. The court is divided by a center line and each half has marked across it an attack line three metres from the center line. At each end of the court behind the back line is a service area. Above the center line is a net. For men the net is 2.42(two point four two) metres high. For women it is 2.24(two point two four) metres high. The game is played with a round leather ball.

  The modern game was devised by an American, William G·Morgan, in 1895(eighteen ninety-five) four years after James W·Naismith had invented basketball. The International Volleyball Federation was founded in 1947. In 1964 it became a full Olympic sport for both men and women. Dominant nations in world volleyball are China, Cuba, Brazil and Russia.

  Volleyball requires speed, strength, balance, stamina, agility, flexibility, coordination and good footwork. Individual ball skills are important as well as an ability to play as the member of a team.

  排 球

  排球是以一方为6人,在球场上进行的球类运动。它类似羽毛球和网球。但是这个项目是用手打球。发球和往返连续击球是这项运动的基本内容。它的目标是把球击过网。然后双方往返击球,一直连续进行到这个队未能把球击回或者使球落在本方地面上。如果发球一方击球获胜,即得一分。

  排球一般在室内场地进行。场地18米长,9米宽。场地以中线一分为二,两个半场距中线各划一条3米线为进攻线,在球场两端线之后为发球区。男子网高2.42米,女子网高2.24米。排球使用由皮革制成的圆球。

  现代排球是美国人,威廉姆·G·摩根于1895年开创的。4年之前,詹姆斯,W·奈史密斯,创始了篮球。国际排球联合会成立于1947年。1964年男女排球被列入奥运会正式项目。中国,古巴,巴西,俄国在世界排球运动中处于领先地位。

  排球运动要求有速度,力量,协调(平衡),耐久力,灵敏性,柔韧性,协同配合和良好的步法等。作为一名队员与全队配合能力是重要的,个人的球技也是重要的。

  马术项目基础词汇

  Equestrian Sports 马术

  arena for dressage competitions 盛装舞步赛场,花式骑术赛场

  bank 低墙障碍

  canter 慢跑步;跑步

  change the rein 开缰

  dressage 花式骑术,盛装舞步

  gait 步法

  half-pirouette 后肢半旋转

  harness 马具

  passage 使马步斜横步;巴沙基(花式骑术中的高抬腿舞步)

  trot 快步

(编辑:晓辛来源:CCTV.com)