|IOC Presidents Profiles|
Following are the profiles of the eight presidents who succeeded each other at the top of the International Olympic Committee during over 100 years:
Jaques Rogge (2001-)
Born on May 2, 1942. Doctor of Medicine; degree in sports medicine, surgeon. Speaks Dutch, French, English, German, Spanish.
Yachting competitor in the Olympic Games in Mexico (1968), Munich (1972) and Montreal (1976); world champion and twice runner up, 16 times Belgian champion; Rugby Belgian champion, the national team player.
President of the European Olympic Committees (EOC) (1989-); vice president of ANOC; president of the NOC (1989- 1992); chef de mission at the Olympic Winter Games in Innsbruck (1976) and Calgary(1988); chef de mission at the Games of the Moscow Games (1980), Los Angeles (1984) and Seoul (1988); World Anti-Doping Agency Council Member (1999- ).
IOC Posts: IOC member since 1991; member of the Executive Board (1998-); chairman of the Coordination Commissions for the Sydney Games (1995-2000) and for the Athens Games (1998-); member of the following Commissions: Olympic Movement (1990-1999), Olympic Solidarity (1990-), Olympic Program, (Working Group, 1998),Medical(1992-1993, vice chairman (1994-), IOC Executive Committee (1999-).
Juan Antonio Samaranch (Spain) 1980-2001
Born on 17 July 1920 in Barcelona. Elected as an IOC member in 1966, then Chief of Protocol in 1968. In 1970, he became a member of the Executive Board, and vice president of the IOC from 1974 to 1978. In 1977, Samaranch was appointed Ambassador to Moscow(1977-1980). He returned to the Executive Board in 1979, as Chief of Protocol.
Elected to the presidency of the IOC in the first ballot on 16 July 1980. From the time he took up office, he tried to give a new direction to the Olympic Movement which was badly shaken by the political difficulties of the XXII Olympiad. He secured the IOC's status as an international non-governmental organization and restructured its finances.
When the IOC found itself in crisis, because of abuses of trust by some of its members, he undertook major reforms to the structure of the institution.
He is to step down on 16 July 2001.
Lord Killanin (Ireland) 1972 -1980
Born in London, England, on 30 July 1914. When he became an IOC member in 1952, he had already headed the Olympic Council of Ireland for two years.
For eight years, he acted as President of the International Olympic Committee during an extremely difficult period, and was unanimously elected Honorary Life President. He died in April 1999.
Avery Brundage (United States) 1952 -1972
Born in Detroit, Michigan, on 28 September 1887. He had occupied the posts of President of the Amateur Athletics Union of the United States (seven terms of office), President of the United States Olympic Committee for 25 years (1929-1953), President of the Pan-American Games Association, (PASO) etc. After becoming a member of the IOC in 1936, and vice president in 1945, in 1952 he was elected President and watched over the destiny of the Olympic Movement until 1972 becoming Life Honorary President from 1972 to 1975.
He died on 8 May 1975, at Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany.
J. Sigfrid Edstrom (Sweden) 1946 - 1952
Born on 21 November 1870. At the 1912 Olympic Games he took the lead in founding the International Amateur Athletics Federation and was elected its first President (1913), an office which he held until 1946.
In 1920 he was elected as a member of the International Olympic Committee in Sweden. One year later he was elected to the Executive Board and then as vice president (1931-1946). In his capacity as vice president he became head of the International Olympic Committee in 1942, on the death of the President Count de Baillet-Latour.
In 1946 he was elected President by acclamation at the first post-war meeting of the IOC in Lausanne. He retired in 1952 at the age of 82 with the title of Life Honorary President of the International Olympic Committee.
Henri de Baillet-Latour (Belgium) 1925-1942
Born on 1 March 1876, he was elected as a member of the International Olympic Committee in Belgium in 1903. During his presidency, which lasted seventeen years, Count de Baillet-Latour devoted himself untiringly to maintaining the Olympic ideals and aims. He endeavored continually to keep sport free from all commercialism, and to preserve its nobility and beauty. He died on the night of 6 January 1942.
Pierre de Coubertin (France) 1896 - 1925
Born on 1 January 1863 at 20, rue Oudinot in Paris. Very early in life he showed a liking for literature, history and the problems of education and sociology. Giving up the army, abandoning too the political career that was open to him at the age of 24, he decided to launch a vast movement of educational reform, and at 25 his life work was started.
It is also to him that we owe all the organization of the Olympic Games, which have benefited from his methodical and precise mind, and from his wide understanding of the aspirations and needs of young people. The Olympic Charter and Protocol, as well as the athletes' oath are his work, together with the ceremonial for the opening and closing of the Games. Furthermore, until 1925 he personally presided over the International Olympic Committee. The title of Honorary President of the Olympic Games was bestowed on him in 1925 until his death in 1937.
He died on 2 September 1937 in Geneva having spent his entire fortune on his ideals. He is considered one of the great men of the 20th century. In accordance with his last wishes, his heart was interred at Olympia of Greece in the marble monument commemorating the revival of the Olympic Games.
Demetrius Vikelas (Greece) 1894 -1896
Born in Ermoupolis, on the island of Syros, on 15 February 1835. The Regulations drawn up by Pierre de Coubertin stipulated that the President of the International Olympic Committee should be chosen from the country where the next Games were to be held. Vikelas was thus President from 1894 to 1896. The original idea was to stage the first Games in Paris in 1900, but Vikelas was able to convince the Committee that they should be held in Athens in May 1896.
No one worked harder or with more perseverance than he to persuade his fellow countrymen and the Greek Government to support this ambitious project. His efforts were finally crowned with success.