央视国际 (2005年04月11日 13:32)
Enjoy learning Chinese and
it is carefree and easy.
Welcome to Happy China.
I am happy Han Jia.
I am happy Daniel.
We will take you
to the beautiful Dali in Yunnan Province
Han Jia. Do you know that
Dali is the necessary way from Kunming
to the Northwest.
Yes. Beautiful scenery of Dali is well known.
The most famous are a mountain and a sea.
But do you know which mountain
and sea they are?
This is an easy one.
They are Mt. Cangshan and
Lake Erhai in front of us.
Correct. Backing against Mt. Cangshan
in the west and facing the Lake Erhai in the east,
dà lǐ xī kào cāng shān, dōng lín ěr hǎi.
大理 西 靠 苍 山， 东 临 洱 海。
Dali is located to the east of Mt. Cangshan
and west of Lake Erhai.
Dali is not only famous for its natural beauty,
but also its historical culture.
It was dwelled by human beings
as early as 4000 years ago.
Yes. Two different
ancient states existed here.
They were the Nanzhao State and the Dali State.
How did you know that?
I saw them, of course I know.
You saw them?
I read it from a book.
The Nanzhao State and the Dali State
existed during the same period as the Tang
Dynasty and Song Dynasties of the central plains.
as the capital of the Nanzhao and Dali states,
Dali became the political, economical
and cultural center of Yunnan at the time.
Here's a typical Chinese city gate.
It's must be the ancient Dali City.
The city walls were built in the Qing Dynasty
and there was one city gate in each direction.
The east gate was named Erhai;
the west gate was Cangshan;
the north gate was called Santa;
and the south gate Shuanghe.
The city is to the west of Lake Erhai
and east of Mt. Cangshan;
but how did Santa and Shuanghe
Because we have the Three Pagodas of
Chongsheng Temple out of the north gate.
As for Shuanghe,
it was said that the earliest dwellers
followed traces of fairy cranes
and found Dali;
therefore, Dali was also called Hetuo,
which means the place found by cranes.
To commemorate the story,
the south gate was named Shuanghe.
Let's enter the ancient city from
the Erhai Gate.
Zán men zǒu jìn gǔ chéng kàn yi kàn.
咱 们 走 进 古 城 看 一 看。
Let's take a look inside the ancient city.
Dali deserves the name of
a famous cultural city.
Oh? How did you know?
Wen xian ming bang.
But I only know the meaning
of wen and ming.
Oh, there are words that Daniel
Xian refers to persons who are familiar
with ancient laws and regulations.
Bang refers to state.
So, the ancient Dali is a state
with long history, developed culture
and numerous talents.
Yes. You're right.
The provincial commander-in-chief
of Yunnan in the Qing Dynasty
considered Dali a place with
prosperous human culture,
so he reported to the imperial court
and applied for this plaque.
Therefore, this building was named
Wen Xian Mansion.
Dali is really worthy of the name
of a famous cultural city.
But, Han Jia, what we visited
are all sights of Dali State.
Is there any relic of the earlier
Most historical remains of Nanzhao
State no longer exist.
But there is a Nanzhao Dehua Stone Tablet.
We can go and have a look.
Wow. Such a big stone.
Han Jia. Why did you take me to see a stone?
It is a Dehua stone tablet,
not an ordinary stone.
It is carved with characters.
How many characters are there?
Originally, it had over 5,000 characters;
but now, only about 700 characters remain.
Fortunately, we have historical
documents that recorded contents
of the tablet.
Hǎo zài yǒu lì shǐ zī liào jì zǎi le shí bēi shàng de nèi róng.
好 在 有 历 史 资 料 记 载了 石 碑 上 的 内 容。
Historical records cite the contents of the stone tablet.
In the Tang Dynasty,
Emperor Xuanzong launched a
against the Nanzhao State but
So the king of Nanzhao
had the tablet engraved
to record the course of the war
and his wish for a friendly relationship
with the Tang Dynasty.
Han Jia. Look! The tortoise is carrying
a stone tablet.
This is a bi xi.
It was said that bi xi likes to
carry heavy things
and loves words,
so, many ancient tablets bases
were carved in the form of bi xi.
This one was the Yunnan Tablet
inscribed by the first emperor of the Yuan Dynasty.
大牛：哦 我知道 元世祖就是忽必烈，
Oh. I know he was Kublai Khan.
This tablet must be in commemoration of him.
After Kublai Khan put down Yunnan
and destroyed the ancient Dali State,
he ordered craftsmen to carve this tablet
to record the course of the war.
Where we are now once was the
cantonment of Kublai Khan's troops.
I think it would be nice to station
Happy China here.
What do you think?
Learn to speak Chinese in Dali
and make friends everywhere.
see you tomorrow!
Facing the Erhai Lake in the east and
backing against the Cangshan
Mountain in the west,
Dali, the ancient city which once had
generations of celebrated scholars and
collections of literature works in the history,
still possesses the charm of the old city
with prosperity of the ancient
Nanzhao State fading away.
Here, the combination of today
the impact of dreams and reality
formed unique enchanting scenery