| E: Hi. Today on 'Let's Talk' we're going to talk about something funny. Are you ready to laugh?
R: Today's special form of joke is called a 'knock-knock joke.'
E: 'Knock-knock', you all know that, right? 敲敲门.
R: And also we'll really be using our listening skills because in the 'knock-knock jokes' are running words together and that's what we really wanna teach today, is how to hear words run together, and to distinguish them separately, to understand the meaning.
E: So we'll start with a 'knock-knock joke.'
R: Who's there?
R: Orange who?
E: Orange (Aren't) you glad I came?
R: I am. But what you really meant was not orange that you eat but 'aren't you.' But the words are run together: 'aren't you', 'aren't you', 'orange you.'
E: Aha, Orange. We don't say 'orange you', because that sounds funny. That's just the joke on the word "orange" that we might say 'aren't you.' 'Aren't you', which sounds like 'orange you.' Aren't you? Aren't you glad? So in this case 'are you not glad.' 'Aren't you glad' is 'aren't you.' 'You' often becomes 'chow' when it is added into a sentence. Aren't you glad?
R: So it's hard to hear when people slur their words together, run them together. But as your English gets better and better and you will distinguish the words separately. Let's try another one. 'Knock-knock.'
E: Who's there?
E: Wendy who?
R: Wendy (When did he) go? I missed him.
E: Did you get that one? Wendy. When did he? When did he, when did he go?
R: Yes, Wendy is a girl's name. But 'when did he go' is a phrase run together.
E: Wendy (When did he) go?
R: It's important to distinguish between contractions, which are written, and just running words together. 'Knock-knock jokes' have both.
R: In true contractions you'll know how you change the spelling. You have a word 'have not' and you drop a letter and you add an apostrophe meaning 'haven't.' So they're always gone. And you push the word together and that's 'haven't.' You know many contractions, I'm sure, when you study English: 'can't' for 'can not', 'wouldn't' for 'would not'. And those are all standard actual contractions that you change the spelling in the words.
ｖE: There are some other ones too, but they're not official. But in order to hear English properly you need to learn them. For example, 'did you' often becomes 'dijoe'. 'Dijoe' sometimes doesn't sound like 'did you eat', for example. And you can shorten the 'did' even shorter and say 'digit?' (Did you eat?)
R: Did you.
E: Did you eat? No, did you? So that, in shortened form, is 'jit?' (Did you eat?)
R: No, 'joe?' (Did you?)
R: That takes real listening skills.
E: That 'd' is so short you almost even don't hear it.
R: Yeah. Some of them are easier. 'Wanna'. You wanna go? It's for 'want to'.
E: This is really American English now. That 'wanna' and 'gonna'. Do you all know 'gonna'? 'Gonna' is 'going to'. I'm gonna go now.
R: Or 'dnt' (doesn't). Dnt it sound funny? that's for 'doesn't', 'does not'. So if your listening skills get better and better these wouldn't sound so hard. And it might help you understand our 'knock-knock jokes.'
E: But you know there are also lots of 'dga's, like 'wouldga' (would you), and 'couldga' (could you). Would you go? 'would you', when is shortened, sounds a lot like 'wouldga'. Or could, 'couldga'. so when you hear that 'dga' sounds you know it's 'you'. Would you go? Could you go? And also 'you' turns into 'ya'. 'Will ya', 'will ya go' is supposed to be 'will you'. But if you say it very fast it can turn into 'will ya', 'will ya go'. So 'ya' and 'dga', could you, would you, if it has a 'd' at the end of the first word, these are all ones that you should learn and think about when you're exercising your ears. And if you ever meet any foreign children you can ask them if they know any 'knock-knock jokes'. And your ears would gets so tired you would know what to do because children know hundreds of 'knock-knock jokes', don't they?
E: Knock, knock.
R: Who's there?
R: Midas who?
E: Midas (Might as) well sit and relax, the show's over.
R: Did you get it? Midas is a name. 'Might as' well…is the English.