Between 1996-1999, leaders of China, Russia and Kakakstan, Kirghistan and Tajikstan in Central Asia had four meetings respectively in Shanghai, Moscow, Alma-Ata and Bishkek. On April 25, 1996, during Russian President Yeltsin's visit to China, Chinese President Jiang Zemin, Russian President Yeltsin, President Nazarbayev of Kazakstan, President Akayev of Kirghistan and President Rakhmonov of Tajikstan met in Shanghai and signed the Agreement on Enhancing Trust in the Military Fields among the People's Republic of China, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Kazakstan, the Kyrgyz Republic and the Republic of Tajikstan. This agreement is of great importance to both the security of the five countries and world peace and stability.
On April, 24, 1997 during President Jiang's visit to Russia, the heads of state of the five countries met in Moscow and signed the Agreement on Mutual Reduction of Military Forces along the Border Areas. This agreement which gives more substance to the Shanghai agreement signed in 1996 enhanced mutual trust on security among the five countries. During his meeting with the heads of state of the other four countries, President Jiang reiterated the principles guiding the development of China's relations with these countries. During his meeting with President Yeltsin, President Jiang said that China and Russia had left the past behind them and embarked on a broad path of all-round development for the 21st century. For China and Russia, each a major neighbor of the other, to become partners of strategic coordination, treat each as equals and trust each other and develop good neighborly relations and cooperation will no doubt promote the development and prosperity of both countries. It will directly benefit the two peoples and will be of far reaching historical importance to safeguarding their respective independence, sovereignty, national dignity and political rights and interests as well as to establishing a peaceful, stable, just and equitable new international order. When he met President Nazarbayev of Kazakstan, President Jiang stated that to develop long-term and stable friendly relations of cooperation with Kazakstan is an important part of China's good neighborly diplomacy. He hoped that China and Kazakstan would join hands and develop a partnership of full cooperation geared towards the 21st century. President Jiang also met President Akayev of Kirghistan and President Rakhmonov of Tajikstan.