The Chinese government firmly stands for the establishment of a new type of international relations and a new international order.
When meeting an Indian government delegation at the end of 1953, Premier Zhou Enlai for the first time put forward the five principles of mutual respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity, mutual non-aggression, mutual non-interference in each other?s internal affairs, equality and mutual benefit and peaceful coexistence. He visited India and Burma the following year, and in the respective joint statements issued, Premier Zhou and his Indian and Burmese counterparts called for adopting the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence as the norms governing international relations.
From the 1950s until now, the Five Principles of Peaceful Principles have stood severe tests and shown strong vitality. China has always striven to develop friendly relations with other countries on the basis of these principles. Since they were enunciated and advanced, the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence have been accepted by the vast majority of countries. They are affirmed in the bilateral documents signed between China and these countries such as treaties, conventions, declarations and statements and are repeatedly quoted or reiterated at many important international forums and in international documents. This shows that the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence have evolved into generally recognized norms governing international relations.
To build a just and new international political and economic order based on equality and mutual benefit is the fervent desire of all the peace loving countries and peoples. In 1988, Deng Xiaoping explicitly pointed out that it was imperative to build both a new international economic order and a new international political order, with the aim of putting an end to hegemony and carrying out the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence. These principles have stood the test of time and meet the needs of countries with different systems and different level of development as well as China?s neighbors. The Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence meet the fundamental interest of people of all countries and the interest of world peace and development. To build a new international order based on the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence is both the call of the time and the urgent desire of people of all countries.