| E: Hi! Welcome to "Let's talk." Today we're going to be talking about the word "drive." You know we've talked about cars lately, and we think it is also very important to talk about the word "drive." It's used in many different contexts in English.
R: That's right. You really can't do anything with your car if you can't drive it.
E: Drive is a noun and a verb as well. We think of "drive a car", but you can also "go for a drive."
R: Here "drive" is a noun. It's also name for a street or a road. There're many famous big streets called "drive", like Lakeshore Drive or Memorial Drive. And you may need to take a driver's test. How would you study for this test? I have kids at home who are dying to learn to drive a car. And first you would need to take driver's ED.
E: Yeah. And driver's ED is different in all the different countries. And I know in China you have to take classes and drive around with an instructor for a while. And that's true in Europe you have to be 18 like in China. But in the US and perhaps in Canada, you can drive even as early as 15 and a half.
R: That's right. At the age of 15 you can get a learner's permit or you drive with your parents or another driver and you're learning. And then you take a test. There're usually two tests, written test and road test that's where you're really driving. I know my driver's ED was free. I didn't pay anything. I took it in school.
E: It happens in school. And also if you do take driver's ED at school, your insurance for your car is much cheaper.
R: But when we lived in Germany, many of the young people there turned 18 and paid very expensive private tuition for a long year's course in driving the car. And I thought their class was excellent. Because they even drove at night and leant to repair car if they were broken. It was very impressive. So I think the more you know about how to drive a car, the better off you are.
E: Well, but today we're going to talk about vocabulary and different vocabulary phrases that include the word "drive" because it's not just "drive a car."
R: Here're some drive words for you. Have you ever been to the "drive-in"? I usually think of "the drive-in movie." And that's where you sit outside and watch the film from your car. Drive in and watch the movie.
E: And we have one in Beijing. I don't know if you have one where you are. But we have one drive-in movie theater here in Beijing. There's also "drive-through." There're a lot of "drive-through" shops. For example, a shop where you can take your photographs to have them developed to get your pictures made and that's called "a drive-through." You don't have to get out the car and go into the shop. Just go to "the drive-though," and you drive though in your car, open the window, and give the lady your money. Then you'll get your pictures.
R: Yeah. I know there're "drive- through convenient stores" where you buy groceries.
E: Yeah. There's "drive-up." At the very beginning this wasn't done. But after more people started getting cars in the US about the 1950's, they had a "drive-up" restaurant where you could go and take your car. You drive in, you order your food and a cute little girl will usually come to bring your food and put it on your car. They had a tray that would sit on your car.
R: And you know in places where parking is difficult, for instance, at my mother's bank, it's good to have a "drive-up window." When she goes to the bank, she drives up without parking or getting out. But she does all for banking, puts the money in, and takes the money out at the "drive-up window."
E: Yeah. It's quite convenient.
R: There's also a "backseat driver." Have you heard of a "backseat driver"?
E: I often had a "backseat driver" in my car. A "backseat driver" is someone who sits in the back seat behind the driver and says "Look out! There's a car coming!" "You're driving too fast!"
R: "You drive too slow!" "No, No turn right!" "Don't park here!" Nobody likes the "backseat driver" usually.
E: So that's a kind of bad word. It refers to somebody is trying to say what should happen and they don't really have the power or the authority. You could even call someone in an office a "backseat driver."
R: That's right. Have you heard of a "designated driver"? That's the person who does not drink any alcohol. If you're all out together and you have a nice evening, Kara OK, dinner whatever, one person will talk to everyone and decide "I don't drink tonight because I'm the designated driver. And I drive safely home."
E: Right. That's because they're nervous about drunk driving. Drunk driving is a real problem. It's when someone is drunk and they're driving their car. My cousin was killed in a drunk driving accident. So everyone is quite worried about this.
R: There're other meanings for an expression using the word "drive." Here are some. See if you recognize them. You might think of your hard drive on your computer.
E: Or how about "driving me crazy" or "driving me nuts"? That means somebody is doing something that makes you really upset. You can say "Oh, that child is driving me crazy."
R: Yeah. Well you could also say "He's driving me crazy." or "He's driving me up a wall."
E: So we hope you enjoy these driving idioms. To drive is not always to drive a car. Maybe you can use them this week in your job or at school.
R: Here is another good expression, "drive safely."
E：drive既是名词又是动词。我们知道drive是开车的意思，同样你还可以说go for a drive（驱车出去玩一玩）。
R：这里的drive是名词，drive还是汽车道或马路的意思。有不少著名的大道叫drive，比如Lake Shore Drive很著名，还有Memorial Drive。要驾驶汽车就要通过驾驶考试，怎样学习才能通过考试呢？我的孩子特别渴望在家里学习驾驶。首先你要接受驾驶培训。
E：我们今天要讲一些词汇，一些包含drive的词组或短语，而不仅仅是drive a car（开车）。
R：这里有一些drive words，你去过drive-in 吗？我一般会想到drive-in movie，这是指一种免下车的电影院。你不必下车就可以观看电影。
E：drive me crazy和drive me nuts又是什么意思呢？它的意思是有人做了让你很烦的事，你可以说：“那个孩子快把我搞疯了。”
R：与drive me crazy相同的说法还有He's driving me up a wall。