二套周日19:00首播 一套周日14:00 十套12:00,19:00重播

South Africa  
  Cape Town was built in a perfect strategic position, protected by the surrounding peaks and watchful presence of Table Mountain, the symbol of the city.

  You can get up to the top of the mountain on a cable car, which in a short time goes from sea level to more than 1,000 meters above sea level, ending at its flat summit.

  Over this block of sandstone where stocky mountain rabbits run, there is a thin blanket of mist, particularly during the summer season, which the locals call "the table cloth." The more serious science of meteorology says that what pushes the clouds over Table Mountain is the strong south-easterly wind, which is called the "Cape's Doctor." It has this name because it cleans the city of dust and pollution, making the air clean and healthy.

  The nearby Signal Hill is a natural lookout point from land to sea. Every day at midday, except on Sundays, one of the city's most traditional rites takes place here, the firing of a volley of shots by a cannon. It is such a punctual event that South Africans use it to set their watches.

  While the cannon is announcing that noon has reached, Cape Town gets back to its role of being a trading post, of being a city that lives in its beautiful streets and in its colorful markets which are filled with music, where everything can be found. Particularly brightly colored and filled with every type of knickknack is the market that is held in Green Market Square. Here you can find old dusty objects taken down from attics and handicrafts and ethnic trinkets as well.

  In the market, the initial commercial spirit that distinguished the relationship between settlers and natives is revived. The Dutch, known for being good merchants, never fought the indigenous population with whom they fostered good neighborly relations and continuous trade.

  Nowadays in Cape Town we find important testimonies of these indigenous populations, the Bushmen and Hottentot, in the South African Museum.

  The museum contains numerous utensils, rock paintings, and carvings which give a sense of the archaic lives of these peoples. A primitivism was not seen as a limit but as a value. Even today the last descendants of these peoples choose to lie apart in the semi-desert regions of South Africa so as to keep true to their own way of life.

  The museum also contains a vast collection dedicated to natural history and in particular to whales, with a series of interesting sound recordings.

  In the area just behind the Cape zone are the Cango Caves which are among the most beautiful in the whole of South Africa. We know the Bushmen lived here in ancient times, because archaeologists found various types of utensils inside the caves.

  The first person to discover this wonder of nature was a fortune hunter, Soon Van Zyl, who entered the Cango Caves to chase after an antelope. Thanks to Van Zyl, today the public can enjoy the sight of magnificent stalactites and stalagmites.

  Among the many natural wonders of South Africa, there is a small group of elephants. In the big parks of South Africa, like the famous Kruger Park, it is easy to come across these animals. These young specimens have only recently been reinserted in the Elephant Nature Walk. For many centuries the elephant was the hero of this area, up until the forest was attacked.

  This area was affected by a great gold rush which ended when the only vein present was exhausted. Nature, however, took its revenge. In the heart of the forest we find what the remains of Millwood, a ghost city which little more than a century ago was teeming with people, filled with banks, offices and bars. The old city of Millwood is nowadays almost unrecognizable, but in South Africa new gold vein is being laid down, one that has all shades of green.

  Diamonds and gold were found in great quantities in South Africa, but not in the Cape area. It was in the republics of the north that the first treasures of South Africa were extracted from the depths of the earth. The city of Johannesburg is the most evident result of this great fortune. The city rose up over the richest natural treasure in the world, a treasure that today is still extracted from its many mines and takes the form of shining ingots when melted and refined.

  Nowadays, Johannesburg has become the biggest city in South Africa, the economic capital of the country.

  In 1961 South Africa, as a state, proclaimed its independence from London, giving rise to the Republic of South Africa and starting a long process of democratization for all of its inhabitants.

  Democratization today is possible to see fully developed in the magnificent beaches of the Cape of Good Hope. The various South African ethnic groups enjoy the African sun and the bright and hot beaches in civilized coexistence.

  Reconciliation has sown great hopes for the future. The many colors of Africa are the real source of wealth for the future of this country. South Africa already understands the enormous potential that it has, and is proud to say about itself: "The whole world in one country."








  在开普敦的南非博物馆,我们能找到这些早期土著居民 -- 布什曼人和霍顿托特人 -- 用过的器具。






  一场声势浩大的淘金热席卷了这里,并最终导致当地的金矿资源枯竭,但自然也对人类进行了报复。在森林腹地,米尔伍德的遗迹还依稀可辨。这座死城在100年前还是座热闹的城市,到处是银行、办公楼和酒吧。今天,米尔伍德昔日的辉煌已无处可寻,但在它的废墟上又出现了一座新的“金矿” -- 一座绿色的金矿。