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The End of the Empire (3)
Huanghuagang Uprising 
   CCTV.COM   2002-08-01 11:08:17   
    An old woman lives in an ordinary house in Fuzhou. She is Li Ruansu, 93 years old.

    My dear Yiying,

    When you read this letter I'm already a ghost.

    She was reciting Lin Juemin's "Letter to My Wife". She is related to Lin Juemin.

    Many people learned about Lin Juemin because of his touching "Letter to My Wife". He was only 25 when he wrote the letter before his death. When he was studying in Fuzhou Normal College, the decadent Qing court upset him tremendously and he was very concerned about the future of his country. He made a speech called "Save Our Country from Danger". One teacher commented, "People like him will overthrow Qing." In 1909, he went to study in Japan where he joined Tong Meng Hui (Chinese Revolutionary League). Two years later, he was sent back to China to make preparations for armed uprising.

    This was the 10th uprising led by Sun Yat-sen. Having always made Guangzhou the center of his uprisings, he turned his attention to Guangzhou again. Sun Yat-sen and Huang Xing made careful preparations from the lessons learned from past uprisings. Huang Xing and Zhao Sheng entered Guangzhou from Hong Kong to set up a secret command post.

    They planned to set out in two contingents after the uprising. Huang Xing and his troop were to go to Wuhan via Hunan. Zhao Sheng was to go down the river from Jiangxi to attack Nanjing. Tong Meng Hui was very confident of their success. They put all their best people in this uprising.

    Lin Juemin returned home the night before he left for Guangzhou. His pregnant wife and his family never realized this was to be their last meeting.

    It was a very heroic uprising. Preparation work met with untold difficulties and their plans were disrupted. They had to postpone the uprising again and again. In the end, Huang Xing made the decision to launch the uprising. Over 1,000 youths took part in the tragic battle. With the big disparity in strength, the outcome was easy to see. Tong Meng Hui lost all its important members. Seventy-two martyrs were buried in Huanghuagang alone. Lin Juemin was one of them.

    Lin Juemin wrote his last letter the night before the uprising, expressing his love for his wife and son as a husband and a father. Forty-eight years later, his son gave the letter to the state. It was collected in high-school textbooks.

    After Lin Juemin's death, his wife adopted Lin Ruansu who is now 93. When we interviewed her, she could still recite Lin Juemin's "Letter to My Wife".

Editor: Liu Baoyin

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